In China, artificial intelligence is playing an increasingly important role in the justice system there. There researchers have developed a computer system called System 206, which can charge individuals with crimes with the help of artificial intelligence. The latter can only present an indictment with an accuracy of more than 97% based on an oral description of the case, which surprised many.
AI can actually change the Chinese judiciary. AI was developed and tested in the country’s largest and busiest prosecutor’s office, Shanghai. This technology could ease prosecutors and allow them to focus on more serious or complex cases that AI cannot fully handle.
China’s modern AI system can actually assess how strong the evidence is, what are the terms of an individual’s arrest, and how dangerous a suspect is to the public. However, AI will initially play only a limited role. Namely, it will not yet be included in the decision-making process on filing indictments and proposing sanctions. It is worth noting that artificial intelligence was developed between 2015 and 2020 and has been trained for more than 17,000 cases.
Despite some shortcomings, Chinese authorities continue to use AI to improve efficiency, reduce corruption, and strengthen control. Courts there are using artificial intelligence to help judges process files and make decisions such as accepting or rejecting an appeal. Artificial intelligence technology has also been adopted in most Chinese prisons to monitor the physical and mental condition of prisoners, thus reducing violence behind bars.