Huawei has unveiled the long-awaited P50 Pro smartphone with its most powerful imaging suite to date. Get to know the best mobile photography like no other.
A brief overview of history
The Huawei P50 Pro has inherited the outstanding P-series features in the field of versatile mobile photography and has become their most advanced smartphone in the field. The powerful device with dual array camera will allow mobile photography enthusiasts to work at a professional level and capture the surroundings with beautiful colors and full details. It is perfect for anyone who feels the need to create and capture beautiful life moments, but standard smartphone cameras are not enough for them.
Huawei has been committed to designing advanced camera technologies and image quality throughout its existence in the P-series. As a logical development step, the Huawei P50 Pro is the first dual-matrix camera system with a main matrix, which includes a color (RGB) lens, a monochromatic lens and a multi-spectral light sensor. Thanks to True-Chroma Shot and XD Fusion Pro technologies with the new Super Color filter, True-Chroma Image Engine and Super HDR, images are colorful and full of detail even in low-light conditions and the best possible reproduction of what the human eye can see. The new phone is equipped with a periscope lens with 3.5x optical zoom or 100x magnification, while the ultra-wide lens is equipped with stabilization technology, for easy capture of small or very distant objects with high accuracy. The Huawei P50 Pro smartphone also supports Huawei XD optics, which eliminates optical errors and restores details in photos.
Since the P9 smartphone, Huawei has been working with German imaging experts from Leica to fine-tune the Image Signal Processor (IPS) and improve color and contrast. The result was pictures in the style of this German company. In 2018, Huawei introduced the P20 Pri smartphone, which introduced the Da Vinci Neuroprocessor Unit (NPU) to support artificial intelligence. Based on high-performance hardware, they have developed a high-resolution shooting process (HDRP) and an advanced night mode that deviates a lot from the similar capabilities of other smartphones. After a year (2019), Huawei surprised with a completely new solution for image signal processing enhanced with artificial intelligence (AI IPS) or machine learning capabilities, which prompted Huawei to push the boundaries of mobile photography again that year. A logical advance is the XD Fusion image processing engine introduced in 2020, which the P40 Pro smartphone was the first to boast. The powerful solution enabled Super Sensing photography in all conditions, accurate color capture, white balance adjustment, intelligent scene distortion correction, as well as tools such as hybrid zoom, super resolution, 18-bit dynamic range and the like.
Huawei XD optics defy physics
Whether we are talking about an SLR camera or cameras suitable for installation in smartphones, the key to photography is always the same. Convert light into digital signals. We know two ways to improve. Virtually increase the CMOS sensor and improve the image signal processing (IPS) performance or improve the quality of the lens. Due to the recent trend of increasing the number of cameras, the possibilities for improving lenses are limited. The reason why Huawei made the first choice.
The P50 Pro smartphone introduces XD Optics, the first signal reproduction system to effectively correct optical differences and restore detail in images. It is normal for up to 50 percent of the image signal to be lost in the lens, especially the periscope lens. A typical IPS recovers about 10 percent of it, which in practice means that in the end, there is about 55 percent of the original lighting information in the photos, which greatly affects the image quality.
We have to ask ourselves why optical lenses are so “bad”, which by the way has nothing to do with design or manufacturing quality. It is the result of natural laws, especially physics. Light is affected by scattering, spherical aberration, chromatic aberration, and other laws before it is captured by the sensor. If so, how can the lost signal be recovered? The answer to the question lies with Huawei’s XD optics. It combines a lens and a camera to analyze, based on reversibility, the amount of energy lost while passing through the lens according to light of different wavelengths. The data is received by an algorithm that predicts light loss and restores image quality. Huawei’s robust solution allows it to overcome the physical limitations that physics imposes on lenses, while maintaining the perfect balance between smartphone thickness and the quality of the images created. XD Optics is a bridge that connects the real world with image systems and processing algorithms, allowing the camera to retain only the most reliable system-wide data and capture original images on its foundations.
Before Huawei introduced XD Optics, image post-processing relied on the classic capabilities of the Image Signal Processor (IPS) and computer solutions to improve quality – often combining multiple images into a single image. Since IPS retrieves up to 20 percent, this means that the image contains a maximum of 60 percent of the information in the scene.
So far, Huawei has proven itself in the quality of lenses for smartphones. Light passing through it is refracted and scattered, affecting the capture of the image signal. A weakness that technology can mitigate. Based on it, Huawei knows how much power is lost on the way through the optical system. It also knows its curvature, luminosity, refractive index, and reflection – essential information for image signal correction. For example, the Huawei P50 Pro smartphone has an advanced periscope lens. Light enters it, passes through the lens and eventually hits the sensor. Meanwhile, lens and sensor control algorithms work together to dramatically restore the details of a weak, high-frequency signal while compensating for errors caused by design compromises made due to increased telephoto refractive power. This allows its image performance to match the physical limit of light deflection.
The sensor collects and captures light signals over its entire surface and combines them to create a detailed image. On the other hand, XD Optics recovers 25 percent of the image signal to correct optical errors and better reproduce details in images. This, combined with image signal processor (IPS) capability, an all-new color filter system, True-Chroma Image Engine and Super HDR technology, allows the Huawei P50 Pro to retain up to 81 percent of the image signal.
The bare numbers don’t say everything. Not least how important it is. But if you look at sample photos, you’ll notice that XD optics effectively improves the curve of the MTF lens and through that the contrast and clarity of the images. Thanks to her, the lens can simulate distant buildings, grasses and leaves with a high degree of information clarity.
In addition to the new telephoto lens, the monochromatic lens is also very important. The black and white sensor does not include a set of Bayer color filters and supports 16-bit grayscale. Practically speaking, this means a 256x performance improvement over cameras that convert color photography to 8-bit black and white. Since the sensor is more sensitive to light, the phone can use it to read the intensity of light to make the image clearer with natural grayscale. More subtle shades also contribute to the depth of the different hues in the scene. A camera whose sensor has more pixels than most color pixels captures the image in low light with less noise. In short, when comparing a monochrome camera and a color camera, the first has advantages in light sensitivity, signal-to-noise ratio, and detail, while the second allows for color reproduction. Combining the two images is still quite a challenge. Not only does he need to overcome differences in field of view (FoV), he also needs to make sure that both focus accurately on the scene.
Reborn Huawei P50 Pro legend
To get the best out of XD Optics, XD Fusion Image uses dual-channel (RAW) nude image processing with AI algorithms and an intelligent scene recognition system to capture multiple shots of different lighting and assemble them into the final image.
The XD Fusion Image Engine has also been upgraded on the Huawei P50 Pro smartphone. The main and black and white cameras work together to achieve 103 percent better light capture than the Huawei P40 Pro smartphone camera, so photos in low-light conditions are richer in detail and colour. The P50 Pro has better capabilities for capturing 28 percent dynamic range for multiple depth layers and lighting for images. With this, the phone sets new standards in the industry. Through the excellent synergy between hardware and background processes, it allows the user to faithfully capture the colors of the world, thus offering the best imaging experience.
However, the great importance of Huawei XD optics is that it allows smartphone cameras to go beyond physical limits and focus on sensors and modules with cameras redirecting to algorithms and software. Therefore, we expect that in the future Huawei will continue to lead the development of mobile photography, with the P50 Pro marking an important milestone.
Rich device ecosystem
Huawei recently introduced a series of P50 phones, consisting of Huawei P50 Pro and P50 Pocket, in Slovenia. Thus, the phones join the wide range of other Huawei devices that we have available to us. First, the new mid-range Huawei 9 and Huawei 8i phones, followed by the Watch GT 3 smartwatch, the MateView and MateView GT screens, and the upcoming FreeBuds Lipstick, which is also a great fashion accessory.
For more information, visit: Consumer.huawei.com/si