Electric bikes and scooters: …

What is the most popular product in the last period? Robotic vacuum cleaners/mowers? Smart watches and bracelets?

Arguments can be made about almost any product, but with the (rightfully) increasing focus on climate change, it can be argued that electric vehicles, especially electric bikes and scooters, have attracted the most attention. It also attracts a lot of media attention because manufacturers see it as part of the answer to the global warming puzzle. Therefore scooters and electric scooters are an important part of the wave of electrification that has swept the road and transportation traffic.

Electrification has included cars, transport vehicles, ferries, ships, boats and other modes of transportation with the aim of reducing the carbon footprint and ushering in a greener future. Is electric propulsion the answer to all climate change? A large percentage of experts are optimistic, but in any case, in the long run, this solution is greener than the internal combustion engine.

The short-term impact of electricity is already evident in some cities of the world. More and more cyclists swear by electric motors, and the same is true for users of classic scooters. Among the factors that contributed to its rapid success were the fun and convenience of the electric motor. The promise that we can cycle to the other end of Ljubljana at about the same time as the car and not look for a parking space there is tempting.

However, many questions arise about electric bikes and scooters. What scooters and mopeds are legally defined as electric? Where can we ride with them? What about mandatory equipment? What about registration and driving tests?

We directed questions to AMZS and the Traffic Safety Agency (AVP).

For easier clarity, we have divided electric bikes and electric scooters into two categories:

  • E-bikes and scooters with a nominal power of 250W and a maximum speed of 25km/h
  • Bicycles and e-scooters with a rated power of over 250W and a top speed of more than 25km/h

Electric bikes and scooters – what does the motor law say?

The Motor Vehicle Act (ZMV-1) in point 16 of Article 3 defines cars as “vehicles intended to drive on the road with the power of their own engine”. Motor vehicles do not include railway wagons and pedal bicycles with an auxiliary motor, equipped with an auxiliary electric motor with a maximum continuous power of less than or equal to 250 watts, the output power being cut off when the passenger stops pedaling, otherwise it gradually decreases and finally stops before the car reaches 25 km / h.

Electric bicycles up to 250 watts and 25 km / h are therefore an electric mode of transportation that falls under the ZMV-1. It is also the most advertised category for electric bikes. Since they are subject to the above-mentioned law, registration is not required. Driving electric bikes of up to 250 watts requires a bike test, which means that first Trinity elementary school students are not allowed to use electric bikes.

Users of these types of bikes can also ride on bike lanes/lanes. Mandatory equipment is the same as classic bikes.

Mandatory equipment for electric bikes

  • A helmet is mandatory for children under the age of 18,
  • Reflectors in the front, in the back, on the pedals,
  • front and rear lights,
  • brakes.

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